Steroids are derivatives of the male hormone,
testosterone. These derivatives promote the growth
of skeletal muscle and increase lean body mass.
Athletes and nonathletes use steroids illegally to
enhance performance and to improve physical
appearance. Steroids are taken orally or injected.
"During the 1930s, scientists discovered that
anabolic steroids could facilitate the growth of
skeletal muscle in laboratory animals, which led to
use of the compounds first by bodybuilders and
weightlifters and then by athletes in other sports.
Steroid abuse has become so widespread in athletics
that it affects the outcome of sports contests.
More than 100 different anabolic steroids have
been developed, but they require a prescription to
be used legally in the United States. Most steroids
that are used illegally are smuggled in from other
countries, illegally diverted from U.S. pharmacies,
or synthesized in clandestine laboratories.
Anabolic steroid abuse has been associated with a
wide range of adverse side effects ranging from some
that are physically unattractive, such as acne and
breast development in men, to others that are life
threatening, such as heart attacks and liver cancer.
Most are reversible if the abuser stops taking the
drugs, but some are permanent.
Baldness, Development of breasts, Impotence
Growth of facial hair ,Deepened voice ,Breast
Jaundice (yellowing of the skin), Swelling of
feet or ankles, Aching joints, Bad breath, Mood
swings, Nervousness, Trembling
Steroid abuse disrupts the normal production of
hormones in the body. Irreversible changes include
male-pattern baldness and breast development (gynecomastia).
Steroid abuse has been associated with
cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including heart
attacks and strokes, even in athletes younger than
30. Steroids, particularly the oral types, increase
the level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and
decrease the level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
High LDL and low HDL levels increase the risk of
atherosclerosis, a condition in which fatty
substances are deposited inside arteries and disrupt
blood flow. If blood is prevented from reaching the
heart, the result can be a heart attack. If blood is
prevented from reaching the brain, the result can be
Steroids also increase the risk that blood clots
will form in blood vessels, potentially disrupting
blood flow and damaging the heart muscle so that it
does not pump blood effectively. Steroid abuse has
been associated with liver tumors and a rare
condition called peliosis hepatis, in which
blood-filled cysts form in the liver. Both the
tumors and the cysts sometimes rupture, causing
internal bleeding. Steroid abuse can cause acne,
cysts, and oily hair and skin. Many abusers who
inject anabolic steroids use nonsterile injection
techniques or share contaminated needles with other
abusers. In addition, some steroid preparations are
manufactured illegally under non-sterile conditions.
These factors put abusers at risk for acquiring
life-threatening viral infections, such as HIV and
hepatitis B and C. Abusers also can develop
infective endocarditis, a bacterial illness that
causes a potentially fatal inflammation of the inner
lining of the heart. Bacterial infections also can
cause pain and abscess formation at injection sites.
Case reports and small studies indicate that
anabolic steroids, particularly in high doses,
increase irritability and aggression. Some steroid
abusers report that they have committed aggressive
acts, such as physical fighting, committing armed
robbery, or using force to obtain something. Some
abusers also report that they have committed
property crimes, such as stealing from a store,
damaging or destroying others' property, or breaking
into a house or a building. Abusers who have
committed aggressive acts or property crimes
generally report that they engage in these behaviors
more often when they take steroids than when they
Anabolic steroids have been reported also to
cause other behavioral effects, including euphoria,
increased energy, sexual arousal, mood swings,
distractibility, forgetfulness, and confusion.
An undetermined percentage of steroid abusers
become addicted to the drugs, as evidenced by their
continuing to take steroids in spite of physical
problems, negative effects on social relations, or
nervousness and irritability. Also, they spend large
amounts of time and money obtaining the drugs and
experience withdrawal symptoms such as mood swings,
fatigue, restlessness, loss of appetite, insomnia,
reduced sex drive, and the desire to take more
steroids. The most dangerous of the withdrawal
symptoms is depression, because it sometimes leads
to suicide attempts. Untreated, some depressive
symptoms associated with anabolic steroid withdrawal
have been known to persist for a year or more after
the abuser stops taking the drugs.
Roids, Rocket fuel, Sauce, Slop, Arnolds, Gym
Candy, Pumpers, Stackers, Weight Trainers, Juice
OTHER STEROID TERMS
Roid rages- uncontrolled outburst of anger,
frustration or combativeness that can result from
Shot gunning- taking steroids on an inconsistent
Stacking- using a combination of two or more
on your State or Province